Elon Musk and Tesla sued over ‘fraudulent scheme’ to go private
Lawsuits say funding secured tweet broke securities laws and aimed to punish short-sellers
Tesla and Elon Musk were sued twice on Friday by investors who say they fraudulently engineered a scheme to squeeze short-sellers, including through Musks proposal to take the electric car company private.
The lawsuits were filed three days after Musk stunned investors by announcing on Twitter that he might take Tesla private in a record $72bn transaction that valued the company at $420 per share, and that funding had been secured.
In one of the lawsuits, the plaintiff Kalman Isaacs said Musks tweets were false and misleading, and together with Teslas failure to correct them amounted to a nuclear attack designed to completely decimate short-sellers.
The lawsuits filed by Isaacs and William Chamberlain said Musks and Teslas conduct artificially inflated Teslas stock price and violated federal securities laws.
Short-sellers borrow shares they believe are overpriced, sell them, and then repurchase shares later at what they hope will be a lower price to make a profit.
Such investors have long been an irritant for Musk, who has sometimes used Twitter to criticize them.
Musks tweets on 7 August helped push Teslas stock price more than 13% above the prior days close.
The stock has since given back more than two-thirds of that gain, in part following reports that the US Securities and Exchange Commission had begun inquiring about Musks activity.
Musk has not offered evidence that he has lined up the necessary funding to take Tesla private, and the complaints did not offer proof to the contrary.
But Isaacs said Teslas and Musks conduct caused the volatility that cost short-sellers hundreds of millions of dollars from having to cover their short positions, and caused all Tesla securities purchasers to pay inflated prices.
Teslas market value exceeds $60bn and its shares closed on Friday up $3.04 at $355.49.
According to his complaint, Isaacs bought 3,000 Tesla shares on 8 August to cover his short position.